A Quick View of Emergency Shelter and Clothing

The goal is to stay dry and warm!

Emergency Shelter

  1. Shelter options
    1. Tube tent (~$3.95)
    2. Tent, with a rain fly
    3. Tarp
      For a ground cloth under a tent
      To create a makeshift shelter
      Needs nylon rope (50 ft.)
  2. Choose a good location.
    1. A dry area
    2. Away from gullies or peaks
    3. Away from possible flash floods, high winds, and rock or snow slides
    4. Near a water and firewood supply, if possible
    5. Facing the winter sun or turned away from the summer sun

Emergency Bedding

  1. 72-hour kit
    1. Lightweight mylar blanket (~$1.25)
    2. Mylar space bag or bivy sack (Thermolite, ~$23.99)
      Lightweight, effective at reflecting back body heat
      Doesn’t allow body moisture to escape
    3. Sleeping bag
      Down—expensive, clumps together when it becomes wet
      Synthetic (Qualofil, Polarguard)—good insulators
    4. Sleeping pad, air mattress
  2. Long-term storage
    Extra blankets, bed sheets, pillows

Emergency Clothing Storage

  1. 72-hour kit (rotate clothing with the seasons)
    1. Leather gloves—for working with a fire
    2. Winter gloves
    3. Rain poncho
    4. Sun hat
    5. Wool cap or balaclava head “sock”—to retain body heat
    6. One change of clothing
      Extra socks, underwear
    7. Bandana—for protection from wind and sun and for use as a bandage
  2. Year’s supply of clothing
    1. Focus on basics.
      Clothing that is less likely to become outdated
      Classic, simple styles, colors, and patterns
      Clothes that can be mixed or matched
      Clothing fundamentals: underwear, socks, shoes, and jeans
    2. Plan ahead.
      Clothing for the ages of your family members
      Clothing suitable for either boys or girls
      Keep a list of family clothing needs and sizes.
      Plan for baby clothing needs.
    3. Store used clothing for younger family members.
      Organize shirts and pants by size and gender.
      Group generic items by category for easier retrieval of the right size: socks, pajamas, t-shirts, coats, etc.
      Store shoes by size in bags, then group the size bags inside boxes. Store shoelaces.
    4. Shop for bargains.
      End-of-season sales, holiday sales, and sales between Christmas and New Year’s
      Factory outlets, thrift stores, and garage sales
    5. Plan for summer.
      Hats that protect from the sun
      Lightweight fabrics
    6. Emphasize storage of clothing for winter.
      Types of fabric

      1. Wool clothing is durable, warm in the winter, and cool in the summer.
      2. Down is durable and has the best warmth-for-weight performance.
      3. Vapor barrier clothing or foam clothing can be worn next to the skin to wick moisture away without allowing it to evaporate close to the skin.

      Essential pieces

      1. Wool cap or balaclava head “sock”
      2. Warm coat
      3. Wool socks
      4. Boots
      5. Hand protection
        1. Mittens—work best for retaining heat
        2. Gloves
      6. Thermal underwear or ski pants
    7. Store clothing and fabric in a dry, cool, dark environment.
      Cardboard boxes
      Plastic tubs are effective at protecting from insects and water.

Sewing Supplies

  1. Classic, multi-purpose fabric
    1. Cotton (flannel, muslin), denim, linen, wool, corduroy
    2. Dark colors do not show soil and wear as quickly as light colors.
    3. Pellon
  2. Patterns
  3. Notions
    1. Thread
    2. snaps
    3. zippers
    4. buttons
    5. hooks and eyes
    6. elastic
    7. seam and hem binding
    8. laces and trims
  4. Tools
    1. Sewing machine
      Instruction manual, needles, bobbins, machine oil, and brush
    2. Scissors, seam ripper
    3. Needles, pins, pincushion, safety pins, thimbles
    4. Tape measure, chalk
    5. Iron and ironing board
  5. Fiber arts
    1. Crochet hooks and knitting needles
    2. Yarn

Protection from the Elements

Learn from pioneer treks—pack protection from the elements.

  1. Sunglasses
  2. Chap stick
  3. Sunscreen, zinc cream
  4. Insect repellant